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Public Health

Travel and International Health

Travel and International Health is a multi-faceted and dynamic field that deals with both infectious and non-infectious health risks. With more people travelling and moving between countries, it is easier for infections, hazards, and issues to spread internationally. Infectious diseases that start in one part of the world can quickly reach another.

Emerging concerns, such as global warming, demographic migration and increased travel can potentially impact on the distribution of infectious disease, especially those spread by arthropods, for example Dengue fever, West Nile virus and malaria. Natural and man-made disasters create refugee populations with immediate and long-term health problems.

Accordingly, advice, guidance and educational resources need to be regularly updated in line with changes in epidemiological patterns, demographics and social and cultural issues over time.

What is happening globally can affect the people of Scotland locally.

Key vehicles for provision of advice in this area are TRAVAX ( and fitfortravel ( ) which enable practitioners and travellers respectively to access reliable, up to date resources and expertise.  Both websites provide clear and authoritative guidance from Health Protection Scotland, across a range of subjects and countries.   

NHS Education Scotland has worked closely with Health Protection Scotland on a number of educational resources relating to Travel and International Health including:

Viral Haemorrhagic Fever

Ebola-Viral Haemorrhagic Fever